The book of Arda Viraf. by Haug, Martin, ; Publisher Bombay: Government Central Book Depot ; London: Trner. Collection gaelic. The Book of Arda Viraf has 5 ratings and 2 reviews. Eadweard said: This was very Book of Arda Viraf is a Zoroastrian religious text o. It was early made available in Western languages by M. Haug and E. W. West ( The Book of Arda Viraf, Bombay and London, [repr. Amsterdam, ];.

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Yemaleluned Srosh-yasharubo, va Ataro ycdato, 6 aigh: Ma kuned shunia Mazdayasna in thesh, 36 chi ema haft zan khvaliar horn, 6i yake kliasbma ; 37 har liaft zan khvahar khvashm dad jani horn; 38 cliuu khvanae ke haft freshwi, 39 esha frespa shtunae azher ailda kard eshtad, 40 ka a shtun be shtanend, esha haft frespa be ofteud. So profound, even to this day, is the Parsis’ faith in the reality of Viraf’s vision, that when the work is read in their religious assemblies, the men weep and the women cry out in horror over its pictures of the damned.

I also saw the soul of a man 2 whom they gave excrement and dead refuse and corruption to eat; 3 and the demons ever beat him with stones and axes. The common noun also appears in the Younger Avesta e.

I also saw the soul of a woman 2 whose whole body the noxious creatures khrafstars ever gnawed. Dilek Murgul marked it as to-read Mar 12, It contains about 8, words.

Having thus examined the principles upon which a systematic transliteration of Pahlavi may be based, it remains to be explained how -these principles have been carried out, in the virsf of the Pahlavi texts contained in this volume.

The Arda- Viraf namak which has been divided, in this edition, into chapters, begins with a long and detailed introduction which occupies the first three chapters. I came back again to the Chinwad bridge. Member feedback about Arshtat: He appears to have held a high rank, which was probably hereditary, as it is still claimed by a high Parsi family at Surat, though not acknowledged by the majority.

Pgyi in all but H These contain additional pictures of sorry fates of the impious.

No crime or offence, let it be moral, or ceremonial, or a mere misdemeanour, according to Zoroastrian notions, is left unpunished ; but at the same time, no good work, however trilling it might have been, is left unrewarded even in hell. Den- man ruban-i valman darvand neshman munasb, pavan stih. Haoma topic HaomaAvestan: English literature — Boook from Pahlavi. Den- man ruban-i valman darvand gabrd man, pavan stih, roeshman va rod-i nafshman va yadman-i shafik, va avarik rimanih-i audam-i nafsh- man, pavan maya-i tstddak-i vazurg, va khanik, LVll.


As an instaijce ofthe ancient practice of marriage between brother and sister, may be mentioned that of Cambyses, son of Cyrus, with his sister Atossa Herod.

I also saw the soul of a man 2 whom they ever forced to measure dust and ashes, with a bushel and gallon, and they ever gave it him to eat. But the Zoroastrians do not appear to have converted as many by the sword as the Moha- medans; though the Magian priesthood has always been more or less fanatical.

Then I saw the soul of a man 2 who remained suspended, head downward, from a gibbet, and ever had sexual intercourse; 3 and they dropped semen into his mouth and ears and nose. Afterward also, with the concurrence of the Dasturs of the religion, they called all the people to the residence of the Frobag fire. I also saw the soul of a woman 2 who was suspended, by the breasts, to hell; 3 and its noxious creatures khrafstars seized her whole body.

I also saw souls who were thrown under the feet of cattle, 2 struck by the horns, and their bellies torn, and bones broken; and they were groaning. The palatal nasal, after j, is represented by n; the first sibilant is a dental English sh, but is here represented by s’ ; the second, or cerebral, sibilant is here represented by sh, though elewhere it has been printed sh with the usual distinctive dot of cerebrals; the elision af an initial a is indicated by ‘, and words connected by a compound consonant are not separated.

Bubhukshita- trishitas’cha asnii; 96 prathamafi tanoh khadyan dadata, pas’chat prash- nakurutakaryancha ades’at. The terms ‘sacred’ text and ‘religious’ text are not necessarily interchangeable in that some religious texts are believed to be sacred because of their nature as divinely or supernaturally revealed or inspired, whereas some religious texts are simply narratives pertaining to the general themes, prac The expression “Amesha Spenta” does not occur in the Gathas, but “it was probably coined by Zoroaster himself.


When these inscriptions have been fully decipliered. In the Avesta, his name is generally mentioned with that of Frashoshtar see Yasna 12, 7, 46, Arogyan hridayafi te, he Ardda-Gvira-purushah, asmakam Majdaiasnanan dyut, 89 namostu tubhyam; 90 tvamapi tasmat yat drishtamasti satyataya asmaki briihi.

The Book of Arda Viraf: A Dantesque Vision of Heaven and Hell

Zoroastrians Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Arda Viraf can hardly be describing his own dress here, as he confines his descriptions, elsewhere, to the arca of the souls he sees. In the Western world, Persia or one of its cognates was historically pf common name for Iran. Angra Mainyu ; Avestan: The text is very corrupt, and none but the most obvious blunders of copyists have been corrected here.

New York, Parke — via Internet Archive. On the other hand, the Pali- lavi final’ is often found in words which never have a Sasanian final 9 t; such as all plural nouns aarda which nine have been recognized in Sasanian and the following: K, 11 I a.

Completed in health and pleasure and joy. Selections from the Yasna, Z.

Book of Arda Viraf – Wikipedia

Having identified the words, the question of transliteration next arises, and may be solved by reference virxf three authorities. It is the abode of the pious Zoroastrians of all classes, who had recited the prescribed prayersand completely conformed to the Zoroastrian law.

K20 and K26, and several additions and corrections have been derived from these sources. The Yaz culture[4] of Bactria-Margiana has been regarded as a likely archaeological reflection of the early “Eas The dates of his reign – estimates which are based on the Qissa – vary between the arrda century and 10th century AD. Then I saw the soul of a man who slew his own child and ever ate the brains. I ar- shayata asya tan ydU boom hartmnandm.

Srosh the pious, and Adar the angel, said 5 thus; ‘These are the souls of those who had a father in their mother; 6 and when they were born, the father did not acknowledge them; 7 and now they ever make lamentation for a father.