The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) designed to be a comprehensive assessment of physical. The FAAM is a self-report measure that assesses physical function of individuals with lower leg, foot, and ankle Patient Reported Outcomes. The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is a region-specific, non–disease- specific outcome instrument that possesses many of the clinimetric qualities.

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Hypothesis testing is used to meaaure if the instrument performs as expected and is a method that is capable of providing evidence for construct validity. Once injured, athletes are more susceptible to recurrent injury associated with chronic ankle instability CAI. Likewise, differences in mean scores between groups were greater on the sports subscale 23 meqsure than on the ADL subscale 12 points.

The FAAM is a reliable, responsive, and valid measure of physical function for individuals with a broad range of musculoskeletal disorders of the lower leg, foot, and ankle. The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure FAAM is a self-report outcome instrument developed to assess physical function for individuals with foot and ankle related impairments. M, Sterner R, Kuligowski L.

Foot and Ankle Ability Measure

This information suggests that these athletes were functioning at high levels. The stability of a score with repeated measurements over time is defined as test-retest reliability. Results All athletes in the healthy group and 4 athletes in the CAI group categorically rated their ankles as normal.

An epidemiological survey on ankle sprain. In fact, the relationship between the ADL subscale score and global rating of function was no longer significant when the healthy group was removed. The effect of recurrent ankle inversion sprain and taping on proprioception at the ankle.

Evidence for reliability was obtained using the group that was expected to remain stable. This finding may be related to how the athletes interpreted the ADL global rating of function.


The final version of the FAAM consists of the item activities of daily living ADL and 8-item Sports subscales, which together produced information across the spectrum ability.

Scoring instructions for the FAAM. According to this model, items can potentially measure the domains of 1 body structure and function and 2 activity and participation. This ffaam may be explained in part by the characteristics of the population that we examined. If you believe that this Physiopedia article is the primary source for the information you are refering to, you can use the button below to access a related citation statement. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU.

The number of items with a response is multiplied by 4 to get the highest potential score. Daam noteworthy finding was that for the relationships between each FAAM subscale score and global rating of function, correlation values were weaker when only the CAI group was examined. outcomd

Evidence for content validity, construct validity, reliability, and responsiveness was obtained among subjects who were separated into a group expected to change and a group expected to remain stable. In most cases Physiopedia articles are a secondary source and so should not be used as references.

Evidence of validity for the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM).

Further testing that offers evidence for validity, reliability, ouhcome responsiveness, including defining values for the minimal detectable change and the minimal clinically important difference, in this population is needed. Because athletes in this group had not sustained lateral ankle sprains, they were not specifically questioned about episodes of giving way, weakness, or swelling. We do not believe that these athletes truly felt their ankles were functioning normally because they would not have met the identified inclusion criteria for the CAI group and their FAAM scores likely would have been higher.

The screening questionnaire consisted of 19 questions related to frequency and severity of previous putcome sprains.

A methodological framework for assessing health indices. Drouin, PhD, ATC, contributed to acquisition and analysis and interpretation of the data and critical outcoje and final approval of the article.


J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. Although we cannot be certain why 4 participants identified their ankles as normalwe suspect that the instructions on the FAAM may have influenced them. Martin, PhD, PT, CSCS, contributed to conception and measur, analysis and interpretation of the data, and critical revision and final approval of the article.

As anticipated, athletes who rated their ankles as normal scored higher than those who scored their ankles as anything less than normal. Kirshner B, Guyatt G.

Evidence of validity for the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM).

On the categorical rating scale, participants rated their ankles as normalnearly normalabnormalor severely abnormal. If one item is not answered the highest score is 80, if two are not answered the total highest score is 76, etc. Patients or Other Ouctome Following screening, faqm participant completed the self-reported outcome measuree, which included the FAAM, 2 global ratings of function, and 1 overall categorical rating of function. Br J Sports Med.

The clinimetric qualities of patient-assessed instruments for measuring chronic ankle instability: Regardless of whether the CAI group alone or the combined group was examined, relationships were stronger between the sports subscale scores and the respective global ratings of function than between the ADL subscale scores and the respective global ratings.

Guyatt responsive index and ROC analysis found the ADL subscale was more responsive than general measures of physical function while the Sports subscale was not. Construct validity While evidence for content relates directly to what the items measure, evidence for construct validity assesses how the scores on the instrument relate to other measures of the construct.

J Bone Joint Surg Br. Measufe Each potential participant completed the screening questionnaire and provided a medical history.